Wheat crop strong
Preliminary reports show that Auglaize County farmers can expect a good wheat harvest, both in quantity and quality standards, despite a recent dry spell coupled with high temperatures.
Some farmers have already began to harvest their winter wheat, and Ohio State University Extension Office Agriculture Educator John Smith said he expects most of the wheat to be harvested by next week.
“It looks like about 99 percent will be off the field by the first of next week,” Smith said of the crop typically harvested the first two weeks of July.
An unusually cool, early spring has lead to the good crop. A fairly warm winter allowed the wheat to grow early, about two weeks ahead of schedule.
“Its a good quality harvest that will allow farmers to make a little more money,” Smith said. “The weather has cooperated and there has been no hail to knock the wheat heads down. There hasn’t been any 90- to 95-degree weather that will usually shut the wheat down until this past week.”
Projected U.S. wheat supplies for 2012-13 have been lowered 51 million bushels based on lower forecast winter wheat production. Beginning stocks are lowered 40 million bushels with a 10 million bushel increase in food use and a 30 million bushel increase in exports for 2011-12.
U.S. wheat production for 2012-13 is projected at 2.2 billion bushels, down 11 million, with lower forecast winter wheat production and small reductions in forecast durum wheat production for Arizona and California.
Winter wheat production is forecast 10 million bushels lower with reductions for hard red winter (HRW) and soft white winter wheat.
The largest production declines are in the hard red wheat states of Nebraska and Colorado, but higher production for Oklahoma partly offsets those declines. With reduced supplies and higher expected prices, feed and residual use is lowered 10 million bushels. Ending stocks for 2012-13 are projected 41 million bushels lower.
The projected range for the 2012-13 season-average farm price is raised 10 cents on both ends to $5.60 and $6.80 per bushel. This remains well below the record $7.25 per bushel projected for 2011-12.
The only major negative for local farmers on the wheat harvest was the late harvest, which went well into November for some. This led to some farmers not being able to get winter wheat planted in time. However, preliminarily it looks that that impact was minimal.
The early harvest will lead to many farmers being able to plant a second crop, such as soybeans, to double up on profit potential this year.
Ohio is typically too far north for farmers to have routine success at double planting before frost season.